CADIPHYLATE ELIXIR

(bottle of 200 ml Elixir)

Zydus Cadila

Composition: Piperazine 80mg + Ephedrine 12mg + Guaifenesin 50mg + Alcohol 0.55ml

bottle

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SALT INFORMATION

Uses

Piperazine is used in the treatment of parasitic worm infections.

How it works

Piperazine belongs to class of drugs called anthelmintic. It works by paralyzing the worms and making them to pass in the stool. It is effective against the intestinal nematodes roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), pinworm and threadworm (Enterobius vermicularis). Piperazine produces a neuromuscular block leads to muscle paralysis of the worms which are consequently dislodged and expelled in the faeces.

Common side effects

Nausea, Headache, Vomiting, Dizziness, Abnormal liver function tests, Fever, Abdominal pain, Hair loss, Vertigo

Uses

Ephedrine is used in the treatment of hypotension following spinal anesthesia.

How it works

Ephedrine works on the blood vessels and increases the blood flow to heart and lungs, thereby improving the disease condition.

Common side effects

Systemic hypertension (high blood pressure), Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping)

Uses

Guaifenesin is used in the treatment of cough with mucus.

How it works

Guaifenesin works by decreasing the stickiness of mucus (phlegm) and helps in its removal from the airways.

Common side effects

Nausea, Itchy rash, Hypersensitivity reaction, Stomach pain, Diarrhoea, Vomiting

Uses

Kidney ablation, nerve block, poisoning of ethylene glycol and methanol, premature labour.

How it works

Alcohol stimulates GABA at GABA-A receptors and inhibits the opening of NMDA receptor/channels by preventing glutamate. As an antidote, it inhibits the rapid metabolism of methanol to toxic intermediates eg, formaldehyde and formic acid due to its greater affinity to alcohol dehydrogenase. Thus, the toxicity of methanol is delayed or to an extent hindered.

Common side effects

Drowsiness, Acute gastritis, Balance disorder (loss of balance), Central pontine myelinolysis, Central nervous system depression, Degeneration of mammilary bodies, Disinhibition, Distorted speech and loss of muscle control, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Liver toxicity, Korsakoff(s) psychosis, Wernicke(s) disaese

Substitutes

0 Substitutes